The H-3 Visa is specifically designed to enable you to train in the U.S. in almost any discipline. USCIS calls this loose classification, ‘any field of endeavor’. This includes agriculture, technology, communications and governmental leadership.
This loose classification does not include people seeking graduate medical training. Your spouse and unmarried children under the age of 21 are allowed to join you in the U.S. under H-4 status. Family members are not permitted to work while in the U.S.
Eligibility Criteria for H-3 trainee Visa:
The H-3 classification is not apt for graduate education, including medical training, except under certain circumstances. Sponsoring employers may not use H-3 visa for training programs specifically to benefit U.S. companies and where U.S. workers would be employed except for the trainee services.
Duration of Stay:
H-3 Alien Trainees are allowed to stay in the U.S. for a maximum of two years. Generally, the visa is issued for the length of the training program. If the alien trainee remains in the country for a full two years, he/she must leave the U.S. for six months so as to obtain a new H Visa.
H-3 spouses and unmarried children under the age of 21 qualify for H-4 status under the same limitations as the principal H-3 trainee. The H-4 visa holders do not authorize employment for the dependents.
Detailed explanation of why training is required, whether similar training is available in the foreign nationals’ country, how training will benefit the alien in pursuing a career abroad, what benefits the employer will receive from the training, and why the employer is willing to absorb the cost of training, knowing that the foreign national can not be used for productive labor.